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Exploring New Seven Wonders Of The World With Their History

Last updated: November 24, 2023

Have you ever thought about what makes a place so special that it becomes famous and remains important throughout history? There must be something truly amazing about these places that are known as ‘wonders.’ These famous tourist attractions not only make us curious, but they also make us feel a deep sense of amazement. The Seven Wonders are not just places to visit; they are incredible stories preserved in stone, earth, and memories.

You have discovered ancient tales that have been passed down for generations. These stories tell of incredible things that have seen the growth and decline of civilizations. They serve as proof of human talent and imagination. Picture yourself strolling through hallways where the whispers of history linger or standing in front of immense structures that have stood the test of time.

That’s what each of these wonders offers — lasting legacies embraced by our world today: The Great Wall of China, Petra in Jordan, Brazil’s Christ the Redeemer, Rome’s Colosseum, India’s Taj Mahal, Machu Picchu in Peru, and Mexico’s Chichén Itzá.

Diving Into the New Seven Wonders of the World

New Seven Wonders Of The World

We have always been fascinated by the Seven Wonders of the World. These are not just old buildings; they are proof of human cleverness and determination from different cultures and times. They make us feel connected to the past in a very real way and amazed at what we can achieve.

Introduction to the New Seven Wonders

Let’s take a stroll through time and marvel at each wonder:

  • The Colosseum, Rome, Italy: The Colosseum is a famous amphitheater that showcases the impressive engineering skills of the Romans. During its prime, it held various events like gladiator fights and public shows. Despite facing earthquakes and theft, the Colosseum remains a prominent landmark in Rome, representing the city’s rich history that will never fade away.
  • The Great Wall of China: The Great Wall of China is a massive structure that stretches over 13,170 miles. It is not just a single wall but a network of many walls that cover the northern part of China. It was mainly built during the Ming Dynasty to protect against invasions. This construction project is considered one of the most important defenses in history.
  • The Taj Mahal, India: The Taj Mahal is a beautiful white marble building that Emperor Shah Jahan created as a tribute to his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Its detailed design and balanced shape captivate visitors and fill them with love each time they see it.
  • Christ the Redeemer, Brazil: On top of Mount Corcovado in Rio de Janeiro, there is a huge statue of Christ with open arms. It represents Brazilian Christianity and welcomes everyone who comes to see it. The statue is not only very big, but it also symbolizes peace.
  • Machu Picchu, Peru: High above the Sacred Valley sits this ancient Incan city amidst mountain peaks that seem to scrape sky limits themselves! Its precise construction without modern technology baffles historians and travelers alike — truly a sight visionary eyes can behold only once so high up!
  • Chichén Itzá, Mexico: The Kukulkan Pyramid or El Castillo is perhaps Chichén Itzá’s most famous temple pyramid — showcasing extraordinary Mayan scientific achievements. Every spring equinox showcases an incredible afternoon snake-shadow illusion that descends upon steps; an astronomical miracle!
  • Petra, Jordan: Last but certainly not least is Petra (“rock” in Greek), which is Jordan’s priceless treasure carved directly into rose-red sandstone hills by Nabataeans over two thousand years ago! A seamless blend with nature makes you feel as if you’ve wandered into some magical storybook set far back in time!

With these refreshed insights about each wonder ingrained firmly within our understanding, let’s explore them more deeply because they aren’t just wonders—they’re stories set in stone and whispered through the ages!

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1 Wonder: Great Wall of China

New Seven Wonders Of The World: Great Wall of China

Exploring the grandeur of the Great Wall of China means looking at a long pattern of stones and bricks that stretches across the immense land. It’s more than just a wall; it’s a story-telling artwork that recounts centuries of Chinese history.

LengthOver 5,500 miles
StatusWorld’s longest man-made structure
Construction Start7th century BCE
Dynastic ContributionsMultiple Chinese dynasties
Building MaterialsLocal materials (earth, wood, bricks)
Key Features and Historical Insights of the Great Wall of China

Structural Brilliance

The Great Wall of China is an incredible engineering feat that stretches across difficult terrain and tall mountains. It is not just a wall but a stunning example of human achievement. Here’s why it’s hailed as a wonder:

  • Extent and Scope: Imagine a dragon snaking across hillsides, deserts, and plains for more than 5,500 miles—that’s the wall for you. It stands as the world’s longest man-made structure.
  • Building Techniques: Ancient workers used whatever materials they found nearby—earth, wood, bricks—and each part of the wall reflects local resources and ingenuity.
  • Defensive Features: It boasts towering watchtowers for surveillance and battlements for protection—a pre-modern defense system with unparalleled scope.

By any measure—scale, effort, or innovation—the Great Wall deserves its spot among the seven wonders due to its architectural genius.

History and Significance

Let’s roll back to its historical timeline to understand how it became so much more than a series of walls:

  • Origin Stories: With construction starting in the 7th century BCE, this great project spanned various Chinese dynasties—each contributing layers to its history.
  • Defending Dynasties: The primary purpose was defense against northern invasions—a robust testament to the relentless pursuit of protection throughout the centuries.

Its role today extends from being a symbol of China’s enduring strength to serving as an iconic global tourist attraction, drawing millions who walk its storied ramparts.

2 Wonder: Chichén Itzá

New Seven Wonders Of The World: Chichén Itzá

Chichén Itzá is located in the greenery of Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula. It is a place where people can go to see the ancient Mayan civilization and admire their impressive skills. Chichén Itzá is considered one of the new Seven Wonders of the World because of its historical significance and beauty.

Historical Period9th – 10th century CE
Iconic StructureEl Castillo (Temple of Kukulcan) – height: 79 feet; steps: 365
Astronomical PhenomenaEquinox serpent shadow representing deity Kukulcan
Acoustic FeatureEcho mimicking the sacred Quetzal bird
SymbolismStructures represent spiritual beliefs & cosmic wisdom
Chichén Itzá: Mayan Genius Then and Now

Mayan Marvel

Chichén Itzá, located in Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula, is a historical treasure. It was a vital part of the Mayan civilization, which thrived from the 9th to the 10th centuries CE. This site demonstrates the Mayans’ cleverness and is an important addition to the new ‘Seven Wonders of the World’.

Here’s why it stands as a testament to their ingenuity and a key piece in the puzzle that is the new “Seven Wonders of the World”:

  • Architectural Genius: The most iconic structure on site is El Castillo or the Temple of Kukulcan, rising regally at 79 feet with 365 steps that mirror the solar year—one for each day.
  • Astronomical Precision: Its design reflects an advanced understanding of astronomy. During equinoxes, sunlight bathes its northern staircase in a pattern resembling a serpent slithering down—representing Kukulcan or Quetzalcoatl.
  • Acoustic Mystery: Clap your hands while standing at the base of El Castillo’s stairs, and you’ll hear an echo resembling the chirp of the sacred Quetzal bird—a sound engineering marvel.

Each aspect—from stepped pyramids to observatories—shows not just sophisticated construction techniques but also embodies spiritual significance and cosmological wisdom.

Modern Importance

Flash forward to today—Chichén Itzá isn’t just preserved ruins; it’s living history with modern relevance:

  • Cultural Legacy: The site offers insight into Mayan culture, which resonates with Mexican heritage. Through educational programs and tours, this ancient city continues to enlighten visitors globally.
  • Economic Impact: Chichén Itzá plays a vital role in Mexico’s tourism industry. Its designation as one of the “Seven Wonders” boosts its profile as one of Latin America’s top tourist destinations.
  • Global Recognition: Being part of this wonder list elevates awareness not only about Chichén Itzá but also about broader Mayan contributions to science, art, and architecture.

When we walk among these silent stone giants, we’re reminded that greatness spans lifetimes—a message echoing into our present from our ancestors’ past. Chichén Itzá stands resiliently as both monument and teacher: an everlasting bridge from ancient brilliance to our future aspirations.

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3 Wonder: Petra

New Seven Wonders Of The World: Petra

Explore the incredible beauty of Petra, a city carved into the mountains of Jordan. This historic wonder invites you to discover its enchanting charm and learn about the prosperous Nabataean civilization that once thrived here.

Geographic RecognitionCarved from pink sandstone, visible color shifts at different times
Architectural UniquenessCarved from pink sandstone; visible color shifts at different times
Water System InnovationAdvanced water conduits supported life in arid climate
Historic Economic SignificanceMajor trade hub and capital of Nabataeans between 400 B.C.–A.D 106
Cultural Diversity & InfluenceSite of Hellenistic and Eastern cultural amalgamation in architecture
Petra: Ancient Beauty and Ingenuity.

The Rose City

Petra, often described as the “Rose City” due to its color-changing sandstone cliffs, is a spectacle that effortlessly earns its spot among the Seven Wonders of the World. Let’s unravel some of its beauty and lesser-known facts:

  • Architectural Grandeur: Carved directly into vibrant pink sandstone, Petra’s architectural nuances are a sight to behold at sunrise or sunset when hues shift magically across the facades.
  • Elusive Entrance: The city can only be approached through a narrow gorge known as the Siq, which adds an air of mystery and drama to your first sighting of Al-Khazneh — Petra’s most intricate temple.
  • Water Conduit System: An ingenious water conduit system is also featured among Petra’s marvels. This supported life here despite it being in the middle of a desert.

Petra’s allure isn’t solely tethered to its stunning visuals; it also lies in the community that thrived within these structures centuries ago. To witness their legacy etched in stone is to walk through pages of history.

Unfolding History

Peeling back layers of time, we find that Petra has much to tell us about our own world:

  • Trade Hub Brilliance: Once a bustling trade center and capital city for the fabled Nabataeans, Petra thrived from around 400 B.C. through A.D. 106 because it was strategically located along trade routes spanning from Arabia to Egypt.
  • Multicultural Melting Pot: Its storied past as a commercial hub meant Petra was exposed to multiple cultures and influences—Hellenistic architecture intertwined with Eastern traditions is evident just by glancing at The Monastery or The Great Temple.

Exploring further into its history uncovers stories of creativity and resilience. Despite tough desert conditions with extreme temperature changes from day to night, this old civilization created a haven that accommodated up to 30,000 individuals at its highest point. This remarkable accomplishment is a testament to why Petra continues to captivate tourists today.

Exploring historical sites is not just something we do for fun; it helps us connect with the people who lived there in the past. These ancient civilizations have left behind fascinating stories that we can still feel when we walk through their old buildings and tombs. By discovering and sharing these stories, we make sure that their histories stay alive. It is a responsibility we take seriously and feel honored to share with you.

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4 Wonder: Machu Picchu

New Seven Wonders Of The World: Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu, surrounded by the stunning mountains of the Andes, gives us a peek into a civilization that has fascinated the world for a long time. Our exploration of this Incan treasure is like traveling through clouds into an old world full of beauty and mystery.

Insightful PointDescription
Name AliasThe Lost City of the Incas
AltitudeApproximately 2,430 meters above sea level
Surrounding EnvironmentEnveloped by cloud forests and rugged terrain
Architectural FeatTestament to Inca’s outstanding engineering capabilities

City Above The Clouds

Perched in the Andes Mountains of Peru, Machu Picchu is known as ‘The Lost City of the Incas.’ People are fascinated by this incredible citadel because of its breathtaking location—situated around 2,430 meters above the sea and surrounded by beautiful cloud forests and stunning landscapes. Many wonder how the Incas were able to construct such an impressive architectural marvel in such an isolated place.

  • Perilous Positioning: The steep slopes and rugged terrain make us wonder about the lengths the Inca civilization went to establish this sanctuary.
  • Incan Ingenuity: It goes without saying that to create something so grand as Machu Picchu, advanced engineering skills were an absolute necessity, which were possessed in spades by the Incas.

What secures Machu Picchu’s rank among the Seven Wonders is not just its location but also its historical significance:

  • Historical Puzzle: There’s still much debate over why it was constructed, with theories ranging from a royal estate to a religious site.
  • Cultural Harmony: Designed in harmony with nature, each structure—from terraces to temples—exemplifies Incan architecture’s genius.

Exploring Its Mystery

Machu Picchu holds countless secrets waiting to be unraveled. Here are some little-known facts and intriguing elements that add to its mystical allure:

  • Astronomical Alignment: Its Intihuatana stone accurately indicates two equinoxes each year when the sun sits directly above at midday.
  • Hidden Treasures: Beyond well-known spots like the Temple of the Sun lies a labyrinth of less-explored ruins. Each wall tells another unspoken tale.

Discovering more about these wonders isn’t just travel; it’s time travel—back to an era when human hands lovingly carved these stones under golden Incan rule.

Let’s keep delving into other facets that entrench this site deeply within our global consciousness:

  • Sustainable Systems: Ingenious water channels demonstrate sustainable practices ahead of their time.

It’s mind-boggling how such complexity came into existence atop these cloud-crowded elevations, merging human craft closely with natural wonders—a testament fitting for one of the new Seven Wonders of the World.

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5 Wonder: Christ the Redeemer

New Seven Wonders Of The World: Christ the Redeemer

Rio’s Christ the Redeemer is a famous symbol of Brazil. It is very big and is considered one of the new Seven Wonders of the World. It is surrounded by greenery and overlooks the busy streets and sandy beaches of Rio. It is important both spiritually and culturally.

Symbolic FeatureDetails
LocationAtop Mount Corcovado, Rio de Janeiro
Primary DesignerHeitor da Silva Costa
CollaborationPaul Landowski (sculptor), Heitor Levy (engineer)
Construction MaterialSoapstone-lined reinforced concrete
SymbolismPeace, acceptance beyond religion
Unveiling Year1931
World Wonder Declaration2007
Cultural SignificancePart of Cariocas’ identity

The Open Arms Of Rio

When we think of Rio de Janeiro, we often think of Christ the Redeemer, a large statue on Mount Corcovado. It symbolizes peace and welcome and is considered one of the Seven Wonders.

  • Creation: The idea originally took root in the 1920s as a symbol commemorating Brazil’s centenary of independence from Portugal. A plethora of designs was considered, but ultimately, Heitor da Silva Costa’s vision emerged victorious. With designs by French sculptor Paul Landowski and construction expertise by engineer Heitor Levy, they began crafting this masterpiece.
  • Construction Challenges: The materials had to be exceptionally strong to withstand Rio’s unpredictable weather. Reinforced concrete layered with soapstone was used for both durability and malleability.
  • Symbolism: Beyond its Christian significance, Christ the Redeemer represents universal love and affection that transcend religious boundaries. Unveiled in 1931, it’s become an icon—Rio’s protective figure whose outstretched arms seem to embrace all who come.
  • Joining Seven Wonders: It was officially declared one of the new seven wonders in 2007 after a worldwide poll conducted by the New7Wonders Foundation—a fitting accolade for such an architectural and spiritual marvel.

Importance to Brazil

Christ the Redeemer isn’t just enormous in stature—it casts an immense shadow over Brazilian culture and identity:

  • Cultural Significance: To locals—Cariocas—the statue is more than just stone and mortar; it’s part of their cultural tapestry—a figure that watches over their city through thick and thin.
  • Tourism Magnet: With millions flocking yearly to take pictures at its feet or soak up panoramic views from atop Corcovado Mountain, it pumps vitality into Brazil’s economy through tourism dollars.
  • Symbol Of Unity: In times of celebration or crisis alike, you’ll see images broadcasting these serene open arms—a reassuring icon that helps unify Brazilians under a common banner.

There you have it—Christ the Redeemer holds a special place not only as one among the Seven Wonders but also anchors itself within the heartbeats of Brazil’s people and culture.

6 Wonder: Colosseum

New Seven Wonders Of The World: Colosseum

When we look at the amazing ancient world, nothing captures our imagination quite like the Colosseum in Rome. It’s a huge monument that tells us a lot about Roman life and entertainment. Its existence is a story of human hard work, smart design, and cultural importance.

Construction PeriodA.D. 70-80
InitiatorEmperor Vespasian
LocationHeart of ancient Rome
Size620 x 513 feet
Capacity~50,000 spectators
FeaturesHypogeums, elevators, wooden flooring

Beacon Of Ancient Rome

We find ourselves marveling at the sheer brilliance of the Colosseum in Rome, an enduring symbol of the architectural prowess and cultural might of ancient Rome. Here’s why it firmly stands as one of the Seven Wonders:

  • Historical Context: Constructed between A.D. 70 and 80 under Emperor Vespasian, in the heart of ancient Rome, this massive amphitheater was a gift to the Roman people, symbolizing power and grandeur.
  • Architectural Mastery: Measuring a staggering 620 by 513 feet, this colossal venue could host around 50,000 spectators craving spectacles, from gladiator combats to exotic animal hunts.
  • Engineering Marvel: The intricate design includes elaborate underground tunnels called hypogeums for gladiators and animals; they used ingenious lifting systems to raise them into the arena.
  • Cultural Significance: Beyond entertainment, these games served as political tools for emperors to display their wealth and appease the populous with bread and circuses.

Echoes Of History

The stories emanating from within these aged walls span centuries:

  • Gladiatorial Glory & Gore: Imagining over half a million lives lost through brutal contests – where combatants fought valiantly amid roars resonating off the stone – sends shivers down our spines.
  • Innovations in Entertainment: Mock sea battles were reenacted by sliding wooden flooring over elevators, which would emerge dramatically from below; truly splendid shows for an expectant audience.
  • Adaptability Over Time: In later years, this edifice has assumed various roles – fortification, quarry, religious shrine – continually echoing its timeless narrative.

Every crack intrigues us with lore from its past lives, as if each stone is meticulously scripted into history’s great tapestry. Even today’s global tourist attractions seldom rival its lasting allure.

The essence of marvelous Rome is encapsulated within this structure – one that has witnessed empires come and go but stands resiliently as a testament to humanity’s boundless ambition.

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7 Wonder: Taj Mahal

New Seven Wonders Of The World: Taj Mahal

When we say ‘Seven Wonders,’ we imagine a beautiful white building, pretty gardens, and a famous love story. This is the Taj Mahal, a symbol of beauty and deep emotions that has lasted for many years.

SymbolismRepresents eternal love; epitomizes beauty
Cultural SignificanceCrown jewel of India; Mughal architectural masterpiece
Historical ContextBuilt by Shah Jahān for Mumtāz Maḥal posthumously starting 1632
Construction EffortTook 22 years; over 20K artisans involved
Architectural Style MixIslamic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish, Indian
Design FeaturesSymmetry; iwan + pishtaqs; central dome; four minarets

Symbol Of Eternal Love

The Taj Mahal is more than just a building. It represents love and great architecture. It is a famous landmark in India and a beautiful example of Mughal design. It is also known worldwide as a symbol of everlasting love.

Here’s why it stands as an everlasting wonder:

  • Story Behind Its Construction:
    • Emperor Shah Jahān commissioned this grand mausoleum in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtāz Maḥal, who died during childbirth.
    • The construction began in 1632 and took approximately 22 years to complete, involving over 20,000 artisans and craftsmen.
  • Architectural Influence:
    • The Taj Mahal amalgamates Islamic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish, and Indian architectural styles.
    • Its striking features include:
      • A symmetrical structure with an iwan (arch-shaped doorway) flanked by large pishtaqs (formal decorative arches).
      • The central dome captures needless praise from around the globe.
      • Four slender minarets that frame the tomb give a sense of balance due to their perfect proportionality with the rest of the complex.
    • White marble—a material that exhibits subtle changes in hue depending on daylight or moonlight- was sourced from Makrana in Rajasthan.
  • Why Considered a “Wonder”:
    • Its astonishing precision: The façade is intricately adorned with Quranic inscriptions; semiprecious stones are set into marble with incredible detail.
      • Environmental aura: Reflective tiles were used surrounding pools, paving the way for arresting reflections regardless of day or night time vistas.
      • Engineering marvels utilities, including complex waterworks systems for feeding fountains and lush gardens.
      • Perhaps most compellingly is its role as a monument dedicated not to conquest or power but to love—a universal sentiment that resonates through time.

The Taj Mahal is more than just a famous tourist spot. It has a special meaning and tells a beautiful story. The design and symbols used in the Taj Mahal are not only grand but also carry deep emotions. It represents the idea that true love is eternal and can overcome death.


Our journey to explore the new Seven Wonders of the World reminds us of how creative, strong, and beautiful humanity can be. Each wonder has a unique story that shows us how amazing civilizations were in the past.

For example, the Great Wall of China is an incredible architectural achievement. It is a symbol of human ingenuity. Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro is another example. It stands tall and welcomes visitors to the city.

These wonders are not just tourist attractions. They also remind us of our history and culture. They show us what people in the past were capable of. We should take care of these treasures so that future generations can enjoy them, too.

Charles Eames

Christopher was a writer with findingDulcinea from February 2008 until March 2009. Previously, Chris acted as Managing Editor for Absolute Magazine in Marbella, Spain, for three years. Chris was an education volunteer for Peace Corps, on the island of Yap, in the Federated States of Micronesia. Chris has a B.A. in Journalism and Latin American Studies from the University of Texas.

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