Aldous Huxley, young Aldous Huxley
Associated Press

Aldous Huxley, Essayist and Author of “Brave New World”

January 13, 2011
by Kate Brack
Aldous Huxley was a writer, critic and intellectual known for his utopian novel “Brave New World” and his essays on a wide range of topics including government, religion, philosophy and psychedelic drugs.

Brief Biography of Aldous Huxley

Aldous Huxley was born July 26, 1894, into the esteemed Huxley Family known for its prominence in science, the arts and medicine. Huxley filled the niche as writer in the family.

When Huxley was 14, his mother died, and shortly thereafter he began to suffer from Keratits Punctata, which rendered him almost entirely blind for over a year. He would continue to battle his eye condition for the rest of his life. Despite his setback, Huxley received a B.A. in English at Balliol College, Oxford.

In the late 1930s, Huxley moved to California where he would remain for the final decades of his life. During his time in the US, he became a screenwriter as well as proponent for the use of psychedelics such as LSD.

Biographical Resources for Aldous Huxley

The Guardian offers a primer on Huxley’s work and its influences.

Barron’s Educational Series offers a biography of Huxley.

Huxley’s experimentations with psychedelic drugs is described in an article by Antonio Melechi for the Fortean Times.

Huxley died on Nov. 22, 1963, the same day as the death of author C.S. Lewis and the assassination of John F. Kennedy. On his death bed, he asked his wife to give him LSD, which she did. Mrs. Huxley wrote of her husband’s death several days later in a letter to her brother, which is available on Letters of Note. offers a bibliography of Huxley’s novels, poems, essays, letters and other works.

Huxley’s Speeches and Interviews

Huxley was interviewed by Raymond Fraser and George Wickes for the Spring 1960 edition of The Paris Review.

Huxley appeared on The Mike Wallace Interview on May 18, 1958, to discuss threats to American freedom, propaganda, drugs, and other topics.

Huxley gave a 40-minute talk at UC Berkeley on March 20, 1962, about how the government and other powers can control the behavior of the people. The talk was followed by a question-and-answer session.

Huxley spoke with the BBC’s John Lehmann in 1958 about writing fiction and non-fiction. The interview is not available to users in the United States.

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