US Government - April 03, 2008 01:33 PM
The U.S. Constitution stipulated a government that would include “a separation of powers.” This mandate, often referred to as a system of “checks and balances,” forms the basis of the U.S. government. Although the executive, legislative and judicial branches share power, they each have specific purposes and unique duties. This U.S. Government Web Guide explores the history and contemporary responsibility of each branch of the American government, providing information about the role of the President and the cabinet, the House of Representatives and the Senate, and the Supreme Court.
The U.S. President and the Cabinet: The Executive Branch - March 26, 2008 03:20 PM
The U.S. executive branch is made up of two essential components: the president and the Cabinet he or she selects to represent each of the 15 major departments of U.S. government. The Cabinet is an intimate group that meets at least once a week to discuss the most essential aspects of U.S. policy and government with the president. Members of the executive branch function not only as essential policymakers, but also as direct representatives of the American electorate.
The Supreme Court: The Judicial Branch - November 06, 2007 10:55 AM
“I believe that the establishment of the Supreme Court of the United States as a constitutional court … is the most significant single contribution the United States has made to the art of government.”
—Former Chief Justice William Rehnquist
The Supreme Court is the highest form of judicial authority in the United States. Only nine justices are given responsibility over the monumental judgments of the court, which handles matters of constitutional and federal law. Each vote is extremely influential in the structure and application of the American judicial system.
The U.S. Congress: The Legislative Branch - October 29, 2007 02:07 AM
The U.S. Congress is the legislative branch of the federal government and is responsible for making laws. The decisions of Congress affect the lives of everyone in the United States and have significant international ramifications as well. Online you’ll find the information you need on the congressional issues that have special relevance to you. These links will also help you contact your congressperson, research legislation or gain greater insight into the role of Congress.