Sportsmen of the Year

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Associated Press

Arthur Ashe, 1992 Sportsman of the Year

December 04, 2008
by findingDulcinea Staff
Arthur Ashe's career echoed with the sound of barriers falling in the worlds of athletics, politics and social advancement. The only African-American man to win a Grand Slam title, the tennis star created a legacy of excellence and public advocacy that continues today, more than 15 years after his death.

The Urge to Serve Others

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“True heroism is remarkably sober, very undramatic. It is not the urge to surpass all others at whatever cost, but the urge to serve others at whatever cost.” —Arthur Ashe

The first test of Ashe's character came when he was a young boy, entering tournaments in the segregated South of the 1950s. Even a talented young player required inner determination as well as prowess on the court to become the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles championship in 1975.

Breaking Barriers

Ashe eventually won three Grand Slam titles. His 1975 defeat of Jimmy Connors at Wimbledon was a monumental achievement for African-Americans, opening the door for all races to a sport previously reserved for whites. The BBC Web site chronicles this historic win in its “On This Day” feature.
Ashe saw the social impact of apartheid firsthand during a visit to South Africa. His experiences are poignantly told in his autobiography, “Days of Grace.” While many athletes have followed his example in working for social change, few equal him in his achievements, according to a 2003 USA Today column.  

An Example to the World

In 1976, Ashe built a tennis center in Soweto for black South Africans.  Soon after, as the country headed into a long period of upheaval, the center became a victim of vandalism and neglect. Through the efforts of two determined South Africans, the center was restored and reopened in 2007.

Ashe suffered a heart attack and underwent quadruple-bypass surgery in 1979, and retired from sports the following year. He continued to work as a sports commentator, writer and activist, particularly in the battle against apartheid. In 1992, Ashe made public the fact that he had contracted HIV from a blood transfusion during bypass surgery and had been diagnosed with AIDS.

Educating Others

Ashe dedicated what would be the last year of his life to educating the public about HIV. In his determination to leave the world a better place, he created numerous foundations, including the Arthur Ashe Institute of Urban Health, the International Healthcare Worker Training Program and the Endowment for the Defeat of AIDS. Links to organizations he founded or inspired, as well as videos of Ashe speaking about issues important to him, are available at his official Web site.
Ashe died on February 6, 1993; he was 49 years old. As Time magazine’s obituary of Ashe said, it was his grace throughout all his trials that set him apart from the rest: "The game, like life, of course had to be conducted with passion, but dignity had to be maintained."
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